Smokeless tobacco solutions

Chewing tobacco and other forms of smokeless tobacco are a lot more unsafe and addictive than you could possibly imagine.

By Mayo Clinic Workers

Chewing tobacco and other smokeless tobacco solutions are generally promoted as safer than cigarettes simply because they are not joined to lung most cancers.

Having said that, these solutions have some of the similar challenges as cigarettes. And smokeless tobacco has other challenges as effectively. There are no harmless tobacco solutions.

What is smokeless tobacco?

Smokeless tobacco solutions consist of tobacco which is chewed, sucked or sniffed, rather than smoked. Nicotine is absorbed by the tissues of the mouth and in some scenarios swallowed.

Several types of smokeless tobacco solutions are employed all around the earth. In the U.S., the most common involve chewing tobacco, snuff, snus and dissolvable tobacco solutions.

Chewing tobacco

Chewing tobacco is offered as free leaves, braided leaves (referred to as a twist) and compressed leaves (referred to as a plug). It might be flavored. Chewing tobacco is positioned among the cheek and gum. The saliva that builds up in the mouth is possibly spit out or swallowed. Chewing tobacco is also referred to as chew, spitting tobacco or spit.


Snuff is finely ground tobacco that might be dry or moist. It is packaged in tins or pouches. It might be flavored. A pinch of snuff is positioned together the gumline, possibly guiding the lip or among the gum and cheek. Employing snuff is also referred to as dipping. Dry snuff can be snorted.


Snus (pronounced snoos) is a style of moist snuff that originated in Sweden. It is offered free or in pouches. Snus is pasteurized to kill bacteria that can generate most cancers-resulting in chemical compounds. Some evidence suggests that snus consumers are not at as wonderful a risk as cigarette consumers are for mouth most cancers, coronary heart ailment, stroke, lung most cancers and other lung complications.

Dissolvable tobacco

Dissolvable tobacco solutions are powdered tobacco pressed into shapes, this kind of as tablets, sticks or strips. Some incorporate sweeteners or flavoring and might look like candy. The pressed tobacco is chewed or held in the mouth right until it dissolves. These solutions are not the similar as the nicotine lozenges employed to aid individuals quit smoking.

Health and fitness challenges of smokeless tobacco

Smokeless tobacco solutions could possibly expose individuals to decrease ranges of unsafe chemical compounds than tobacco smoke, but that would not mean these solutions are a safe and sound alternate to smoking.

Smokeless tobacco is made up of nicotine, which can lead to dependancy, and dozens of chemical compounds that can bring about most cancers.

Health and fitness complications associated to smokeless tobacco involve the next:

  • Habit. Nicotine is the chemical that can make tobacco addictive. Investigate suggests that individuals who use smokeless tobacco get as substantially or a lot more nicotine into their bodies as individuals who smoke cigarettes. Just as with smoking, withdrawal from smokeless tobacco can bring about powerful cravings, irritability and depressed mood.
  • Cancer. The use of chewing tobacco and other smokeless tobacco solutions raises the risk of most cancers of the mouth, throat and pancreas. Smokeless tobacco also raises the risk of creating small white patches in your mouth referred to as leukoplakia (bathroom-koh-Enjoy-vital-uh). These patches are precancerous — this means that they have the prospective to transform into most cancers.
  • Coronary heart ailment. Some forms of smokeless tobacco increase your coronary heart level and blood stress. Very long-expression use of smokeless tobacco raises your risk of dying of coronary heart ailment and stroke.
  • Dental ailment. The sugar and irritants in smokeless tobacco solutions can bring about cavities, abrasion of tooth, tooth staining, bad breath, gum ailment, receding gums, bone decline all around roots and tooth decline.
  • Being pregnant risk. Employing smokeless tobacco through being pregnant raises the risk of stillbirth, low birth pounds and coronary heart level variability in infants.
  • Poisoning risk. The candy-like visual appeal and flavors of some smokeless tobacco solutions make them attractive to kids. Ingesting these solutions can bring about nicotine poisoning. Nicotine poisoning in kids might bring about nausea, vomiting, weakness, convulsions, unresponsiveness, difficulty respiration and even loss of life.

Quitting tobacco

Brands might imply that smokeless tobacco will aid you quit smoking, but this hasn’t been proved. For the reason that of the wellbeing challenges, smokeless tobacco solutions are not a very good alternate to quit smoking.

If you use chewing tobacco or other forms of smokeless tobacco, look at alternatives to aid you quit. Your medical professional can be a wonderful source and can aid you create a quit system.

Methods created for smoking cessation might aid you cease employing smokeless tobacco. The next interventions have been discovered most effective in exploration about quitting chewing tobacco and other smokeless solutions:

  • Behavioral interventions — this kind of as telephone providers, self-aid resources and counseling — can give you with aid and aid you build coping skills.
  • Nicotine substitute therapy employing the patch, gum or lozenges can aid lower cravings for tobacco solutions.
  • Medicine. Two non-nicotine prescription prescription drugs are accredited to aid lower nicotine withdrawal signs.

In the U.S. you can connect with the Nationwide Cancer Institute’s telephone quit line: Call 877-44U-Quit (877-448-7848). Or you can find your state’s quit line by contacting 800-Quit-NOW (800-784-8669).