How to stop the spread of COVID-19: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Allan I. Fleming


COVID-19 is an illness prompted by an infection with the SARS-CoV-two virus. COVID-19 most normally spreads concerning individuals inside of shut speak to (about 6 ft or 1.8 meters). When an individual with the illness coughs, sneezes, sings, talks, or breathes, droplets carrying the virus spray into the air. You can capture the illness if you breathe in these droplets.

In some situations, COVID-19 may distribute by the air and infect individuals who are a lot more than 6 ft away. Tiny droplets and particles can stay in the air for minutes to hours. This is called airborne transmission, and it can manifest in enclosed areas with very poor ventilation. Nonetheless, it is a lot more typical for COVID-19 to distribute by shut speak to.

A lot less often, the illness can distribute if you contact a floor with the virus on it, and then contact your eyes, nose, mouth, or face. But this is not believed to be the most important way the virus spreads.

The chance of spreading COVID-19 is higher when you interact carefully with other people who are not in your family for lengthier durations of time.

You can distribute COVID-19 in advance of you demonstrate symptoms. Some individuals with the illness never ever have symptoms, but can nevertheless distribute the ailment. Nonetheless, there are ways to guard by yourself and other people from obtaining COVID-19:

  • Constantly have on a face mask or face address when you will be close to other individuals. This aids minimize the distribute of the virus by the air.
  • Continue to be at minimum 6 ft (1.8 meters) aside from other individuals who are not in your family, even if you are putting on a mask.
  • Clean your arms quite a few instances a working day with cleaning soap and jogging h2o for at minimum 20 seconds. Do this in advance of ingesting or making ready food stuff, right after applying the bathroom, and right after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose. Use an alcohol-dependent hand sanitizer (at minimum 60{de67ab9575e0f65325df988e3a8731ef61b975ae2223cdff83ba315b2ed86bd4} alcohol) if cleaning soap and h2o are not out there.
  • Deal with your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your arms) when coughing or sneezing. Droplets that are released when a particular person sneezes or coughs are infectious. Throw away the tissue right after use.
  • Stay away from touching your face, eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed arms.
  • Do not share individual items such as cups, ingesting utensils, towels, or bedding. Clean something you have made use of in cleaning soap and h2o.
  • Clean all “large-contact” spots in the household, such as doorknobs, toilet and kitchen fixtures, toilets, phones, tablets, counters, and other surfaces. Use a family cleaning spray and stick to instructions for use.
  • Know the symptoms of COVID-19. If you produce any symptoms, contact your overall health treatment company.


To assist avoid the distribute of COVID-19 inside of the community, you must practice social distancing, also called bodily distancing. This applies to individuals of all ages, such as youthful individuals, youngsters, and youngsters. While everyone can get unwell, not every person has the identical chance of significant illness from COVID-19. More mature individuals and individuals with existing overall health circumstances such as heart ailment, diabetic issues, weight problems, cancer, or lung ailment have a higher chance of producing intense illness.

Everybody can assist sluggish the distribute of COVID-19 and assist guard those people who are most susceptible. These recommendations can assist you and other people stay safe:

  • Check the community overall health department web page for data on COVID-19 in your space and stick to nearby suggestions.
  • Anytime you go out of the dwelling, constantly have on a face mask and practice social distancing.
  • Retain visits outdoors your household for necessities only. Use supply companies or curbside decide on up when probable.
  • Anytime probable, if you need to use community transportation or rideshares, steer clear of touching surfaces, stay 6 ft from other people, improve circulation by opening windows (if you can), and clean your arms or use hand sanitizer right after your experience ends.
  • Stay away from poorly ventilated indoor areas. If you need to be inside with other people not in the identical family, open up windows to assist carry in outdoor air. Paying time outdoors or in effectively-ventilated areas can assist minimize your exposure to respiratory droplets.

While you should stay physically aside from other people, you really don’t have to be socially isolated if you decide on safer actions.

  • Achieve out to mates and relatives by way of telephone or video clip chats. Routine digital social visits often. Undertaking so can assist remind you that we are all in this collectively, and you are not on your own.
  • Visit with mates or relatives in tiny groups outdoors. Be confident to stay at minimum 6 ft aside at all instances, and have on a mask if you need to be nearer than 6 ft even for a small time or if you need to go indoors. Prepare tables and chairs to allow for for social distancing.
  • When greeting one another, really don’t hug, shake arms, or even bump elbows as this delivers you in shut speak to.
  • If sharing food stuff, have one particular person do all the serving, or have individual serving utensils for each visitor. Or have visitors carry their have food stuff and drinks.
  • It is nevertheless safest to steer clear of crowded community sites and mass gatherings, such as buying centers, film theaters, dining establishments, bars, live performance halls, conferences, and sports activities stadiums. If probable, it is also safer to steer clear of community transportation.


If you have COVID-19 or have symptoms of it, you should isolate by yourself at household and steer clear of speak to with other individuals, equally inside and outdoors your household, to steer clear of spreading the illness. This is called household isolation (also recognised as “self-quarantine”).

  • As a lot as probable, stay in a precise home and away from other people in your household. Use a individual toilet if you can. Do not go away your household apart from to get health care treatment.
  • Do not vacation when unwell. Do not use community transportation or taxis.
  • Retain keep track of of your symptoms. You may acquire instructions on how to verify and report your symptoms.
  • Use a face mask or fabric face address when you see your overall health treatment company and anytime other individuals are in the identical home with you. If you can’t have on a mask, for illustration, due to respiratory problems, individuals in your household must have on a mask if they need to be in the identical home with you.
  • While uncommon, there have been situations of individuals spreading COVID-19 to animals. For this motive, if you have COVID-19, it is finest to steer clear of speak to with pets or other animals.
  • Stick to the identical hygiene techniques every person must stick to: address coughs and sneezes, clean your arms, really don’t contact your face, really don’t share individual items, and clean large-contact spots in the household.

You must stay at household, steer clear of speak to with individuals, and stick to the steerage of your company and nearby overall health department about when to halt household isolation.

For the most up-to-day news and data about COVID-19, you can visit the adhering to sites:

Centers for Condition Manage and Avoidance web page. Coronavirus Condition 2019 (COVID-19) –

Planet Overall health Firm web page. Coronavirus Condition 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic – conditions/novel-coronavir

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