Photo of cat scratching itself in the foreground with a dog watching in the background

Fleas and ticks can be much more than just an itchy annoyance to your pets—they can result in critical harm. So it’s critical to know how to use flea and tick goods safely and securely.  It’s also critical to know whom to report to if you are suffering from troubles with these goods.

Flea and tick goods for animals are controlled by both the Food and Drug Administration or the Environmental Safety Agency (EPA). Fda and EPA have an interagency committee that evaluates goods on a case-by-case foundation to decide the acceptable regulatory agency.

Usually speaking, the Fda is liable for approving animal drugs and regulates flea and tick goods that are presented orally, such as products, chews, and swallowable liquids, or by injection. EPA, with some exceptions, regulates all those goods that are applied to animals topically – to pets’ pores and skin or fur. This incorporates shampoos, collars, dust or powder, sprays, and spot-on flea and tick goods.

The acceptable agency bases its evaluation on a extensive evaluation of comprehensive information and facts on the product’s safety and performance. This information and facts is presented by the manufacturer or other products sponsor. The sponsor have to show that the drug or pesticide meets current safety benchmarks to safeguard:

  • the animal,
  • folks in make contact with with the animal, and
  • the environment.

The sponsor have to also show that the drug or pesticide achieves the claimed influence, and the products have to have distinct labeling so that it can be utilized safely and securely and properly.

Whilst flea and tick goods are very typically utilized across animals of various measurements, ages and well being profiles (as directed on the label) with no troubles, side outcomes can occur. Individuals can report side outcomes to the two the Fda and EPA, as properly as products manufacturers. For that purpose, it’s fantastic to keep on to the products packaging so that you have the make contact with information and facts for the manufacturer, as properly as facts like the whole lot number.

You can convey to which agency regulates the products by wanting at the packaging. For Fda-controlled goods, seem for the letters “NADA” or “ANADA,” adopted by a 6-digit number in this structure: NADA-xxx-xxx or ANADA xxx-xxx.  Items controlled by EPA will have an EPA registration number: EPA Reg. No. xxxxx-xxxxx. These numbers assist identify the exact products improved than the identify of the products on your own.

  • To report troubles with Fda-approved flea or tick drug goods, make contact with the drug manufacturer specifically (see make contact with information and facts on products labeling) or report to FDA’s Centre for Veterinary Medication on a Type Fda 1932a. For much more information and facts, remember to pay a visit to www.fda.gov/reportanimalae.
  • To report troubles with EPA-controlled goods, make contact with the manufacturer specifically (see make contact with information and facts on products labeling), EPA  External Url Disclaimer, or the National Pesticide Details Centre External Url Disclaimer (NPIC) at one-800-858-7378.
  • If your pet desires immediate clinical care, get in touch with your area veterinarian, a area animal crisis clinic, or the National Animal Poison Handle Centre External Url Disclaimer at one-888-426-4435. The NAPCC prices a price for consultation.