Guide to Basic Culinary Nutrition Terms

Allan I. Fleming

You may perhaps have noticed widespread culinary diet terms like macronutrients or anti-oxidants bandied about in guides, podcasts, sites and articles or blog posts, or splashed onto food stuff labels, and questioned what they imply. Regardless of whether you have a own desire in diet, have an current foodstuff or overall health organization, or want to launch a new foods-linked profession, obtaining to know the typical lingo is very valuable and can empower you to make knowledgeable decisions about what to consume. 

Let’s delve into some simple culinary nutrition terminology!

guideline to fundamental culinary nutrition conditions

nutrition terminology


Macronutrients are the vitamins your overall body demands in significant quantities. The three principal macronutrients are carbohydrates, fat and protein (extra on those people down below).


Micronutrients are the nutritional vitamins and minerals your body demands in smaller quantities. When you never want a boatload of them, micronutrients enjoy many key roles in our wellbeing. 


Carbohydrates are a macronutrient that is one particular of our key resources of fuel. Carbs, or carbs, are synthesized in plant-primarily based foods and are comprised of sugars. 

Uncomplicated Sugars: Monosaccharides (just one sugar molecule)

  • Glucose
  • Fructose 
  • Galactose

When we put sugar molecules alongside one another, we get: 

Disaccharides (two sugar molecules)

  • Sucrose
  • Lactose 
  • Maltose

Polysaccharides (several sugar molecules)

These are prolonged chains of sugars that sort sophisticated carbohydrates these types of as:

  • fibre
  • starches
  • gums and mucilage

Are Carbs Good or Negative? 

It is dependent on the form of carbohydrate and what you are consuming along with it. Very refined carbs like white sugar, refined flours, white rice, white bread, juice, baked products and pasta are digested and absorbed speedily, major to spikes in blood sugar levels. Complicated carbohydrates this kind of as vegetables, fruits, beans, and gluten-totally free full grains choose extended for us to split down into all those smaller sugars, primary to sustained strength degrees and well balanced blood sugar through the working day.

Study More

culinary nutrition terms


Fibre (or fiber, if you’re not headquartered in Canada like we are) are carbohydrates that we simply cannot fully digest. Fibre lends structure to plant-primarily based foods and is necessary to digestion, absorption, and elimination. It assists us really feel far more complete and slows foods down as it passes by our digestive tract so we can break down vitamins. It also behaves like a sponge in the colon, grabbing onto excess hormones, carcinogens, or toxins we want to excrete from our bodies. 

Fibre arrives in two types:

  • Soluble: This can be partially broken down and fermented along our digestive tract, major to the production of advantageous microbes and nutrition like short-chain fatty acids. Soluble fibre can dissolve in drinking water, developing a gel that allows catch the attention of h2o to the intestine so we can pass food on by means of.
  • Insoluble: This sort of fibre can not be digested at all. It gives bulk to our stool and offers our digestive tract muscular tissues one thing to do the job versus, assisting to move poop via and out our colon.

Find out Additional

Refined Sugars

Refined sugars are derived from plants like sugar cane, sugar beets, and corn. Through the production procedure, those people vegetation are entirely stripped of their nutrition, leaving us with a products that is void of any overall health positive aspects, and what is far more, our human body needs to use its precious methods to metabolize them.

Discover Much more

All-natural Sweeteners

culinary nutrition terms

Organic sweeteners are in their natural condition (or incredibly close to it, with small alteration or processing) and this leaves them with nutrition that can assist assist a more healthful dessert pattern.

Any sweetener – whether refined or pure – is likely to raise blood sugar concentrations. Nonetheless, organic sweeteners consist of nutritional vitamins, minerals, enzymes and anti-oxidants, as opposed to refined sweeteners that will only deplete us. Also, when pure sweeteners are paired with other nutrient-dense elements this sort of as protein, fats and fibre, you will conclusion up with a much healthier treat over-all.

Find out More

If your curiosity is piqued, we’re just scratching the surface right here! We dive significantly deeper into these conditions, and significantly more in the Culinary Diet Pro Method, an in-depth skilled certification plan in culinary diet that gives functional, everyday, purely natural cooking competencies as perfectly as a deeper exploration into the therapeutic attributes of the foods we take in and how we put together them. 

Get Certified


Protein is a macronutrient and it is designed up of distinct chains of lesser amino acids, like beads on a necklace. There are 20 amino acids in our bodies. Through digestion, we crack down proteins into their amino acids and use them for many necessary features through the physique. Proteins are significant for:

Important Amino Acids

Important amino acids are kinds we can not make ourselves and have to get by means of our diet program. There are 9 critical amino acids we can receive from meals the relaxation we can make. 

We can resource protein from animal and plant-based mostly meals. Animal sources are finish proteins, indicating they have all of the critical amino acids. Some plant-based mostly food items are entire proteins (these as hemp seeds, quinoa and soy) even though quite a few many others are not. 

Master Extra


culinary nutrition terms: fats

Fat is our past macronutrient and it is a extremely concentrated supply of energy and nutrition. Fat have been very vilified in our tradition but are in fact very important for:

  • strength amounts
  • the anxious program
  • digestion
  • hormone generation
  • balance of mobile membranes
  • wholesome skin

We’ve outlined the diverse kinds of fat in additional element in this put up about cooking oils if you’d like to understand more.

Necessary Fatty Acids

As with protein, there are a several fat that we simply cannot make and have to eat by means of our diet plan. Omega-3 and Omega-6 fat are essential. 


Cholesterol is a form of fat that will help us deliver Vitamin D, hormones and bile acids for digestion, and is section of our cell membrane’s structure. Cholesterol is only located in animal foodstuff on the other hand, contrary to well-liked belief most of our cholesterol is formed in the human body fairly than eaten as a result of eating plan.

Understand Extra:


Natural vitamins are compounds that we will need in smaller sized amounts for a large assortment of functions in the entire body, and the greater part of nutritional vitamins we need to have appear from foods. We go into great depth about what every vitamin does in the Culinary Nutrition Expert Plan. 

Vitamins can be divided into two key types:

  • Excess fat soluble natural vitamins: These nutritional vitamins commonly reside in fats tissue and involve a source of extra fat in purchase to ideal be absorbed. Body fat soluble nutritional vitamins can be saved in the body for more time intervals of time. 
  • H2o soluble natural vitamins: These vitamins dissolve in h2o, and h2o can help us take up them. Water soluble natural vitamins are not stored for a prolonged time, so we require to be having meals with them routinely. 


Minerals are factors that we need to have in more compact quantities, and they have a multitude of capabilities and wellbeing results. We go into excellent element about what each individual mineral does in the Culinary Diet Professional Application. 

Minerals can be divided into two main types:

  • Macrominerals: These are the minerals that we want in more substantial quantities (usually in milligrams), these types of as calcium and magnesium.
  • Microminerals: These are minerals we will need in scaled-down amounts (smaller sized quantities of milligrams and usually micrograms), these types of as zinc and copper. 


culinary nutrition terms: antioxidants

Antioxidants are potent compounds that assist to protect our bodies from damage and guard us from several long-term ailments. You can come across antioxidants in quite a few foodstuff.

Discover Much more: Anti-Inflammatory Diet program and Way of living Guidebook


Phytonutrient is an umbrella phrase for hundreds of compounds in crops that are useful and aid boost very good well being. Most phytonutrients have a mixture of anti-inflammatory, immune-supportive, antioxidant, cardioprotective, and anti-cancer homes. 

Find out Far more: Guidebook to Phytonutrients and The place to Obtain Them

We hope that this guideline to culinary nutrition conditions is a useful primer that will encourage your consuming decisions! If you’d like to dive further into these culinary diet terms and ideas, consider joining us for the Culinary Nutrition Skilled Plan the place we’ll educate you all about the therapeutic properties of foods and how to produce tasty, well being-supportive recipes. 

Guid to Basic Culinary Nutrition Terms infographic

Next Post

Loaded Chicken Vegetable Soup | My 17 Day Diet Blog

There’s nothing like a big bowl of hot and yummy soup when the weather turns cold or you’re not feeling well. If you want a nutrient-dense bowl of yumminess, then this Loaded Chicken Vegetable Soup recipe is going to hit the spot! This Loaded Chicken Vegetable Soup comes directly from […]
Loaded with a lot of fiber-rich veggies, this comforting soup is a weight loss dieter