Beta blockers

These drugs are typically employed to take care of substantial blood strain when other drugs haven’t labored.

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Beta blockers, also recognised as beta-adrenergic blocking brokers, are drugs that lessen blood strain. Beta blockers get the job done by blocking the effects of the hormone epinephrine, also recognised as adrenaline.

Beta blockers result in the coronary heart to beat much more little by little and with considerably less power, which lowers blood strain. Beta blockers also assist widen veins and arteries to boost blood flow.

Illustrations of beta blockers

Some beta blockers largely affect the coronary heart, although other individuals affect the two the coronary heart and blood vessels. Your doctor will choose which beta blocker is finest for you primarily based on your wellbeing problems.

Illustrations of beta blockers taken by mouth consist of:

  • Acebutolol
  • Atenolol (Tenormin)
  • Bisoprolol (Zebeta)
  • Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
  • Nadolol (Corgard)
  • Nebivolol (Bystolic)
  • Propranolol (Inderal, InnoPran XL)

When beta blockers are employed

Beta blockers aren’t recommended as a first treatment method in individuals who have only substantial blood strain. Beta blockers aren’t ordinarily approved for substantial blood strain except other drugs, such as diuretics, haven’t labored very well. Also, a doctor might prescribe a beta blocker as 1 of a number of drugs to reduced blood strain.

Beta blockers might not get the job done as proficiently for black individuals and older individuals, especially when taken without other blood strain drugs.

Beta blockers are employed to reduce, take care of or boost signs or symptoms in individuals who have:

  • Irregular coronary heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
  • Heart failure
  • Chest soreness (angina)
  • Heart assaults
  • Migraine
  • Particular types of tremors

Your doctor might prescribe beta blockers along with other drugs.

Side effects

Common aspect effects of beta blockers can consist of:

  • Chilly arms or ft
  • Tiredness
  • Weight attain

Fewer widespread aspect effects consist of:

  • Melancholy
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulties sleeping

Beta blockers generally aren’t employed in individuals with bronchial asthma simply because of concerns that the medication might cause intense bronchial asthma assaults.

In individuals who have diabetic issues, beta blockers might block indications of lower blood sugar, such as immediate heartbeat. It really is important to look at your blood sugar routinely if you have diabetic issues and you’re getting a beta blocker.

Beta blockers can also affect cholesterol and triglyceride degrees. They can result in a slight increase in triglycerides, a form of excess fat in the blood, and a modest lessen in great cholesterol, or substantial-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. These changes typically are non permanent.

You shouldn’t abruptly end getting a beta blocker simply because performing so could enhance your threat of a coronary heart attack or other coronary heart dilemma.