Autosomal dominant partial epilepsy with auditory options (ADPEAF) is an uncommon kind of epilepsy that runs in families. This ailment will cause seizures typically characterised by sound-connected (auditory) indications this kind of as buzzing, buzzing, or ringing. Some people practical experience extra complex seems in the course of a seizure, this kind of as precise voices or tunes, or changes in the volume of seems. Some people with ADPEAF instantly become unable to recognize language prior to losing consciousness in the course of a seizure. This lack of ability to recognize speech is acknowledged as receptive aphasia. Much less frequently, seizures may well lead to visible hallucinations, a disturbance in the perception of smell, a experience of dizziness or spinning (vertigo), or other indications influencing the senses.
Seizures associated with ADPEAF typically start off in adolescence or younger adulthood. They may well be activated by precise seems, this kind of as a ringing phone or speech, but in most conditions the seizures do not have any recognized triggers. In most afflicted people, seizures are infrequent and properly managed with medication.
Most people with ADPEAF have seizures explained as very simple , which do not lead to a loss of consciousness. These seizures are believed to start off in a part of the brain referred to as the lateral temporal lobe. In some people, seizure exercise may well unfold from the lateral temporal lobe to affect other regions of the brain. If seizure exercise spreads to affect the total brain, it will cause a loss of consciousness, muscle stiffening, and rhythmic jerking. Episodes that start off as partial seizures and unfold all through the brain are acknowledged as secondarily generalized seizures.