5 common questions about dry mouth

Dry mouth is a typical symptom of Sjögren’s syndrome, as effectively as other disorders like

Dry mouth is a typical symptom of Sjögren’s syndrome, as effectively as other disorders like diabetic issues and HIV/AIDS. Without sufficient saliva, or spit, it can be complicated to crack down foods, swallow, and get care of your enamel.

The Countrywide Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Exploration answers 5 typical concerns about dry mouth and Sjögren’s syndrome to support you navigate this difficult issue.

Is dry mouth a regular component of getting older?

No, dry mouth is not component of the getting older course of action alone. Even so, as people age, quite a few may possibly develop disorders that affect making saliva and they may possibly get prescription drugs that can dry out the mouth.

What can cause dry mouth?

  • Drugs. Dry mouth is a side outcome of quite a few sorts of prescription drugs, which include all those for despair, allergic reactions and colds, and significant blood tension.
  • Dehydration. Dehydration happens when you eliminate additional fluids than you get in. Folks of all ages can turn out to be dehydrated, but older grown ups are particularly inclined to it.  
  • Radiation therapy. Salivary glands can be ruined if they are exposed to radiation all through most cancers procedure.
  • Chemotherapy. Medicine utilized to deal with most cancers can make saliva thicker, creating the mouth to truly feel dry.
  • Personal injury to the head or neck. A head or neck injury can hurt the nerves that notify salivary glands to make saliva.

What can I do about dry mouth?

Check out your dentist or health practitioner, who will try to determine the cause and may possibly:

  • Advise switching, or changing the dosage of, a treatment. But do not make any changes to your prescription drugs prior to speaking with your dentist or health practitioner.
  • Prescribe prescription drugs to boost saliva.
  • Advise applying synthetic saliva.

Does dry mouth put me at possibility for tooth decay?

Certainly. Since saliva safeguards in opposition to tooth decay, having much less saliva can put you at possibility. Preserve your enamel healthier by:

  • Brushing at minimum twice a working day with a fluoride toothpaste.
  • Flossing consistently.
  • Traveling to your dentist at minimum twice a yr. You can request your dentist if you require a prescription-energy fluoride gel or rinse to support avert cavities.

If I have Sjögren’s, what can my dentist suggest?

To protect your enamel, your dentist may possibly suggest:

  • Working with fluoride pastes, mouth rinses, gels, foams, or varnishes
  • Consuming satisfactory amounts of water (eight to twelve eight-ounce glasses each and every working day)
  • Stimulating saliva creation applying sugarless lozenges, chewing gums, candies that contains xylitol, or prescription drugs these as pilocarpine and cevimeline
  • Implementing chlorhexidine, which can destroy microbes
  • Working with a calcium phosphate rinse to restore tooth enamel